Hormonal health: What does hormonal imbalance indicate in women?

Hormones play a pivotal role in regulating our health which often gets unnoticed. As there is no fixed way of keeping a check over hormones, but some slight differences in health indicate a lot about the hormonal imbalance. A range of undesirable symptoms entail in the hormonal imbalance issue, from usual tiredness to weight gain, itchy skin to mood swings. These vary from low to high depending on the lifestyle of the patient. What exactly are hormones? Hormones are certain chemicals that our glands produce within the endocrine system and release it finally into the bloodstream. An imbalance usually occurs either in the case of too low or too much of the hormone in the human body. 

Hormones are essential as they regulate different body functions which consist of appetite, metabolism, sleep cycle, reproductive cycle, sexual function, body temperature and mood. Hence, even a small alteration or imbalance can in turn lead to deterioration in over health and well being. In women, there is fluctuating tendency of hormones at various stages in life, be it during puberty, menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause. Certain medical conditions and lifestyle changes can also affect the hormones in the body. The important thing is to get appropriate treatment from a qualified healthcare professional involving medication or complementary therapies.

Warning signs that indicate hormonal imbalances in women are: 


Mood swings:

The estrogen or the female sex hormone has strong impact on the neurotransmitters in the brain that includes serotonin( a mood boosting chemical). These general fluctuations can become a cause of premenstrual syndrome( PMS) or make the mood depressed during perimenopause, which is the phase when periods cease to continue. If feelings of stress and anxiety start to interfere with your day to day life then any dietary or lifestyle change like exercising, avoiding alcohol, quitting smoking, herbal remedies and hormone replacement therapy( HRT) whether you are perimenopausal or menopausal can all improve your mood. You can consider keeping a symptom diary which can be of help to your doctor in identifying the symptoms. 

Heavy and painful periods:

As and when this symptom is accompanied by other symptoms like abdominal pain, frequent urination, lower back pain, constipation or painful intercourse then you may have fibroids. What are fibroids? They are non- cancerous growth which appear in or around the womb. There is no exact cause as they are thought to be stimulated by the estrogen hormone, even having family history may lead to increase in risk. There is a need to consult a healthcare professional if you are suffering from the above symptoms. 

Low libido:

It is a very common phenomena in women who go through perimenopause or menopause because of lowered levels of estrogen and testosterone. Other symptoms could be night sweats, fatigue, low moods and even anxiety may impact your sex life. Consult a women’s health expert in improving your libido as well as boost your mood and energy. 

Insomnia or poor sleep patterns:

During the time of perimenopause or menopause, the ovaries tend to produce less estrogen and progesterone that helps in promoting sleep. If there is a fall in estrogen levels, then it contributes to night sweats which causes disruption in sleep, that contributes to fatigue or lack of energy. 

Unexpected gain in weight:

There are a no. of hormonal conditions which cause weight gain including an underactive thyroid, polycystic ovary syndrome and even menopause. Check your condition checked for thyroid or ovarian cyst by a healthcare professional who specializes in women. It is often believed by some women that HRT causes weight gain but there is no evidence that backs it. 

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