Introduction to IoT: Leveraging IoT technology for good

What is IoT? 

The IoT refers to the no. of physical devices that are connected to the source of the internet making it possible to collect and share data in one place. The wireless network has made it super easy for anything to be a part of IoT whether it’s big or small, hardly matters. So, here’s the thing all these devices are only dead without the incorporation of modern technology in them. They are able to function and provide its users the worth only when digital intelligence is active in them, making it communicate the real-time information without any human assistance. 

It’s only by forming a union between the physical and digital world, that the IoT is able to serve in the best way possible. Therefore, any physical object has the ability to get converted into a powerful IoT device and communicate the information in the required manner. The main idea is to make such a device work with IoT that otherwise wouldn’t be expected of running with an internet connection. Few examples of IoT devices could be smartwatches or other devices in wearable technology but not a PC or a smartphone. 

History of IoT:

In the late 19th century, between the 1980-1990s, the idea of putting additional sensors or intelligence was talked about, but nothing really worked out except a slow working vending machine that was connected to the internet. Maybe that wasn’t the right time for technology to pick up speed and progress tremendously. At that time, there used to be many obstacles in doing so, like the chips were big and bulky but not along with other advancements, the IoT goes hand in hand, being fully supportive. 

Cheap processors were required to be all disposable to make the whole IoT implementation process cost-effective. Further, the RFID tags were basically low power chips that came as a savior for the developers. It has the ability to communicate wirelessly and at the same time increasing the chances of available broadband internet connectivity and wireless networks. 

Another thing that helped in scaling up IoT was the adoption of IPv6 which has the capacity to provide enough IP addresses for the devices worldwide. Interestingly, the phrase “The Internet of Things” was coined by Kevin Ashton from where its journey started like a slow turtle but now it’s almost running like a horse towards the future. 

Earlier, the IoT was basically incorporated into big businesses and manufacturing units and it would be referred to as “machine to machine” M2M. In today’s era, the primary focus is on making homes and offices smart and tech-friendly to help people lead comfortable lives. 

There were a lot of suggestions that came up for IoT like, blobjects, ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing but in spite of all these suggestions, somehow the IoT remained as static for delivery of such technology. 

IoT and smart homes: 

The smart home is for people to get in touch with internet-enabled devices and the competition is getting so tough for the same reason in this sector. The most popular of them being the smart speakers, Amazon Echo which is creating the buzz all around. Some other additional devices could be smart plugs, light bulbs, cameras, thermostats, and a smart fridge. These smart devices do not only serve the purpose of looking good and a great thing to show off. Their functions are legitimately helping make people’s lives easy. For instance, an elder person can live independently in his house with access to IoT devices, or a carer can monitor the person and communicate with him. 

IoT and security: 

Security is one of the prime concerns with the IoT. Apparently, an IoT device tracks what you are doing in the home and records any sensitive information from there. It is important to keep that information secure in order to gain the trust of the consumers. IoT is currently working on that to serve its users the better way and by keeping the data confidential to whosoever operates the device. Hacking can also become a great deal with IoT devices due to easy connectivity. All these loopholes must be considered and worked on thoroughly to gain a better hand at the IoT system. 

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