What are medical legal case and job nature of medico legal adviser

medico legal


“Medicolegal” is the term, which incorporates the basics of two sister professions i.e. Medicine and Law, as when medical testing or examination is undertaken for a legal purpose.

Medicolegal is something that involves both medical and legal aspects, mainly:

  • Medical jurisprudence, a branch of medicine (Forensic Medicine, it deals with medical aspects of law and medico-legal case management)
  • Medical law, a branch of law


What is a Medico Legal Case(MLC)?

A doctor has ethical and legal obligations, and he needs to abide by the laws of the land while discharging his duties. In medical practice, most of the doctors would come across which at the time or subsequently, would be called a “Medico-Legal Case” (MLC).

An MLC is a case of injury/illness where the attending doctor, after eliciting history and examining the patient, thinks that some investigation by law enforcement agencies is essential to establish and fix responsibility for the case in accordance with the law of the land. It can also be defined as a case of injury or ailment, etc., in which investigations by the law-enforcing agencies are essential to fix the responsibility regarding the causation of the said injury or ailment.


Working as Medico-Legal Advisor (MLA)


A career as an MLA is a dynamic and intellectual, with plenty of scope for exercising initiative.

MLAs manage any situation where a member’s professional reputation is at risk, e.g. clinical negligence claims for damages, tribunals, or ethical or disciplinary matters where doctors are charged for the case.

The role requires stamina, confidence, an eye for detail, strong analytical and communication skills, and effective time-management. In any medical case, MLAs play an active part in dealing with doctors, providing legal instructions and advisor from every step to step from solicitors to independent experts, and contributing to meetings with barristers and the rest of the defense team.

MLAs are often present at the subsequent trial or hearing to support and advise the practitioner in question.

MLAs are drawn from a wide range of clinical backgrounds who should know the medical terminology and issues faced while dealing with patients.

All are expected to complete a relevant postgraduate law qualification, such as an LLB or LLM and to obtain membership of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine.

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