Eating Disorder- The Deadliest Psychological Disorder
Eating disorders are amongst the deadliest psychological disorders, they have the highest record of death directly attributed to the illness. They slowly ruin the body, but in order to these disorders to be recognized and treated successfully, they have to be understood as disorders of the mind.
Eating disorders are psychological illnesses which often come with serious consequences. These disorders tend to fall into three main categories –
- Binge Eating Disorder
Anorexia– Those suffering from anorexia nervosa most often are adolescent females, they essentially maintain starving diet and eventually an abnormally low body weight. In this case, condition spirals out of control, a person becomes obsessed with weight loss and still feeling overweight. It usually involves restriction which usually consists of an extremely low-calorie diet, excessive exercise, or purging, like vomiting or use laxatives. Binge/ purge. Involve episodes of binge eating combines with the restriction behavior, as you can easily imagine the physiological effects of this psychological condition can be devastating. As the body has denied crucial nutrients it slows down the conserve little energy, it had often resulted in abnormally slow heart rate, loss of bone density, fatigue, muscle weakness, hair loss, severe dehydration, and an extremely low body mass index. And with the low body mass that is the most defining characteristics of anorexia nervosa. The refusal of maintaining a weight at or above what would be considered minimally healthy. If this condition persists the results can be deadly. This is why anorexia has what is often estimated to be the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. As the people can die as a direct result of extreme weight loss and psychological damage.
Bulimia Nervosa– While Anorexia characterizes primarily by the refusal to maintain a minimal body weight, bulimia is not. People with bulimia tend to maintain an apparently normal or at least minimally healthy body weight but alternate between binge eating followed by fasting or purging often by vomiting or using the laxative. A bulimic body might not be as obviously underweight as an anorexic one, but that addictive cycle of binging and purging can seriously damage whole digestive system leading to irregular heartbeat, inflation of the mouth, esophagus, tooth staining, irregular bowel movement, peptic ulcers, pancreatitis and other organ damage. Sometimes the two diagnostics can be difficult to decide, especially because someone can shift back and forth between anorexic diagnostic features and bulimic diagnostic features.
Binge Eating Disorder– Binge eating disorder is marked by significant binge eating followers by emotional distress, feeling of lack of control, disgust or guilt, but without purging or fasting. Although sometimes by stress or in need for or lack of control. Presence of an eating disorder, not a sign of childhood sexual abuse as was once commonly thought. Instead, these disorders are predictive indicators of person’s feeling of low self-worth, need to be perfect, falling short of expectations, and concern with other’s perceptions.
Although the symptoms of bulimia and binge eating are similar among the ethnic groups in the world anorexia is much more common among women, often of higher socioeconomic status. These disorders are rising among men too, today between 10 to 20 percent of people diagnosed with eating disorders are men who also feel the pressure to attain what they imagine is physical perfection. The so-called ideal standard of beauty varies widely across the cultures in time and thinness is far from a universal desire. Thinness is a common per suite in being bombarded with the images of unrealistically cylinder bodies of models and celebrities has raised the dissatisfaction and even raised the shame and disgust for their own body. These are all the factor which lead to eating disorder further.
Counseling help patient cope with the negative image they have for their own body, building a good relationship with yourself and with your body is the first step moving towards overcoming eating disorder
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