Carbs : a blessing or a curse ?

Here is your ultimate guide to conclude if carbs are good for your health or you’re just making matters worse.

Firstly , What are carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates or carbs are defined as a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues including complex sugars, starch and cellulose. They are broken down in simpler forms to release energy in the human body.

Carbohydrates are found with chemical constituents mainly carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. The ratio is 2:1 of hydrogen and oxygen in a carbohydrate molecule. 

There are four types of carbohydrates :-

  • Monosaccharides – 

types of sugar molecules which cannot be broken down in simpler form on hydrolysis are called monosaccharides.

Some common examples are glucose, fructose and galactose.

  • Disaccharides –

a kind of sugar molecule which is made up of two monosaccharide molecules joined by glycosidic linkage. 

Some common examples of this kind of carbohydrate are sucrose, lactose and maltose.

  • Oligosaccharides –

a type of carbohydrate whose molecules are made of a relatively small number of oligosaccharide units.

For example, fructose , galactose and glucose are some oligosaccharides.

  • Polysaccharides –

a carbohydrate ( starch , cellulose or glycogen ) whose molecule consists of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.

Carbohydrates are the ultimate source of energy in a human diet.

They help in maintaining the balance in our body. All our body systems and fluids get regulated on a required basis by the sufficient amount of complex sugars needed in the body. They break down into simpler molecules and provide energy to the anatomy. It plays a vital role in brain development and digestive wellness. They maintain the well being and activeness of a human body. On the basis of what type response is observed by the body, carbs are divided in two sections. 

Carbohydrates are divided into good carbs and bad carbs. 

Here, Good carbs are as follows:-

 

  • Vegetables 
  • Whole fruits 
  • Legumes
  • Whole grains
  • Seeds 
  • Tubers 

 

Wherein , Bad carbs constitute of :-

 

  • Sugary drinks 
  • Packed fruit juices 
  • White bread 
  • Pastrues, cookies and cakes 
  • Ice Cream and chocolates
  • French fries and potato chips 

 

The consequences of having carbohydrates more than required by the body are life threatening. Once you’ve exceeded the amount needed, its main effect will be on your weight making you prone to the condition of obesity. If not obesity, the increased levels of sugar molecules will lead to more production of insulin and eventually will store glucose as fat. This kind of condition will lead to the body joining hands with diabetes. Cardiovascular diseases and gastrointestinal diseases will knock at your door on a regular basis. These all will have long term effects on your body and will degrade your system thoroughly. 

 

Too much of anything is bad!

In the case of carbohydrates , we strongly believe that if you get a fixed quantity of the sugar molecules , your body will work efficiently. But if you mess up the levels by your own thoughts and cravings, it’s next to inviting a perfect storm.

Hence, if you eat in a fixed amount then carbs are a blessing , otherwise it’s nothing but a curse addressing!

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